How to Keep Your Eyes Healthy

1. Eat Well

Good eye health is essential. Nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids, lutein, zinc, and vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related vision problems like macular degeneration and cataracts. Examples of food containing these nutrients include:

  • Green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, and collards
  • Salmon, tuna, and other oily fish
  • Eggs, nuts, beans, and other nonmeat protein sources
  • Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices
  • Oysters and pork

Weight gain can be reduced by a balanced diet and reduce the chances of obesity. Obesity is related to diseases like type 2 diabetes, which is the leading cause of blindness in adults.

2. Quit Smoking

It makes you more likely to get cataracts, damage to your optic nerve, and macular degeneration.

3. Wear Sunglasses

These will help to protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much UV exposure boosts your chances of cataracts and macular degeneration.

Choose a pair that blocks 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses are more effective to reduce light coming in from the sides. Polarized lenses reduce glare while you drive and when you are fishing.

If you wear contact lenses, some offer UV protection. It’s still a good idea to wear sunglasses for an extra layer of protection.

4. Use Safety Eyewear

If you use hazardous or airborne materials on the job or at home, wear safety glasses or protective goggles.

Sports like ice hockey, racquetball like squash, and lacrosse can also lead to eye injury. Wear eye protection. Helmets with protective face masks or sports goggles with polycarbonate lenses will shield your eyes and minimize injuries.

5. Look Away From the Computer Screen

Staring at a computer or phone screen for too long can cause:

Useful changes in the office environment:

  • Make sure your glasses or contacts prescription is up to date
  • If your eye strain won’t go away, talk to your doctor about computer spectacles and coatings for the lenses.
  • Move the screen so your eyes are level with the top of the monitor. That lets you look slightly down at the screen.
  • Try to reduce or eliminate glare from windows and lights. Use an anti-glare screen if needed.
  • Choose a comfortable, supportive chair. Position it so that your feet are flat on the floor.
  • If your eyes are dry, blink more. We tend to stare at our screens when we are concentrating.
  • Rest your eyes every 20 minutes. Look 20 feet away for 20 seconds. Get up at least every 2 hours and take a 15-minute break.

6. Visit Your Eye Doctor Regularly

Everyone needs a regular eye exam, even young children. It helps protect your sight and lets you see your best.

7. Tea Bags

Apply cooled tea bags over closed eyes. Don’t use herbal tea bags, because most aren’t as effective as the black tea bags. This will reduce black circles around the eyes.

8. Chilled Cotton Balls

Dip cotton balls in chilled water and keep for five to 10 minutes on your eyes.

9. Cucumber

Cucumbers work wonders for tired eyes. Place two slices of cucumber over your eyes and rest for a while. Besides its cooling properties, it also helps to lighten dark circles. Cucumber juice (after grating the cucumber and squeezing it through a muslin cloth) can also be placed on the closed eyes for 15 minutes to reduce dark circles.

10. Chilled Spoon: Reduce puffiness

Yes, you read it right. We are talking about using a chilled spoon here!

  • Place a rounded spoon in the fridge for a few minutes.
  • Once cold, pull it out and hold it against the puffy portion.

11. Sleep Well

Your eyes need as much rest like you. Eight hours of sleep is what they need. Adequate rest will also ensure you don’t wake up with tired, puffy eyes.

12. Drink Enough Water And Fluids Throughout The Day

Drinking a good amount of liquids helps preserve the viscosity of the fluid in the eyes. This will prevent them from getting drying and itching.

How to get the best out of your contact lenses

  1. Ensure that your lenses are clean and free from any protein deposits. Always wash hands before handling lenses. Opt for monthly disposable lenses or daily lenses for that fresh feeling.
  2. Always use a non-milky soap to prevent formation of deposits on the lenses.
  3. Make use of a towel without fluff to dry your hands after washing them! Fluff can get on the lenses and cause irritation when the lens is inserted in the eye.
  4. Change your lens solution every day. Store lenses in fresh solution only
  5. Keep that appointment with your optometrist on for every six months. A regular eye test will ensure your eyes are in good shape and are getting the right care they need.
  6. Stick to replacement schedule that was discussed by your optometrist, as this can help you to preserve your vision as well as the health of the eyes.

Tips to Care for Your Spectacles


Always rinse your glasses off with water before wiping or cleaning them. Even tiny particles of dust or dirt can settle on your lens, and if you wipe those around on a dry lens, it can be abrasive and scratch the lenses, leading to difficulty of vision through the lenses.

Spray Carefully

If you’re going to use a chemical, use sprays or cleansers that are specifically made to clean lenses. These agents are available from any of our practices! Never use household cleaners like Windex, because these chemicals contain ammonia, which will actually tear off the any coating that is on the lens.

Air Dry

If you can, allow your glasses to air dry. This is another great way to keep any materials from getting on to your lens. If you can’t set them down to air dry, wipe them down with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth. These cloths can also be bought at any of our practices.

Use the Right Cloth

NEVER use paper towels, tissue, or napkins to dry your lenses. All of these materials, regardless of how soft they are on your skin, have a textured surface and can easily scratch your lenses.

Also, refrain from using the tail of your shirt. If the clothing is not 100% cotton, the fibres in the fabric will scratch the lens over time. The clothing can also have dirt on it, which means the residue ends up transferred to your lenses.

Grip Firmly When Cleaning

Hold your frames by gripping the piece that crosses the bridge of the nose. This will keep you from accidently bending the frame while you clean. Bent glasses can negatively affect the way you see out of your glasses. Plus, if your frames are bent out of shape, they’re more likely to feel uncomfortable.

Store Properly

Store your glasses when you’re not wearing them. This isn’t just a great way to keep dust and dirt away from your eyeglasses, but it also protects your specs from getting scratched, bent or broken.

Handle With Both Hands

When putting your spectacles on or taking them off, use both hands. This eliminates the frame from bending and making it more uncomfortable as well as keeping the lenses in good condition without any chipping or breakage due to pressure on the lenses from a bent frame.

Jan Vorster Optometrists offer these Eye Care Tips